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Sunday, September 2, 2018

AIDS and HIV Infection - Diet Plans and Dietary Supplements

Consume Plenty of

  • Meat, poultry, liver, eggs, milk, nuts and other high calorie, high protein foods to prevent weight and muscle loss.
  • Pasta, rice and other starchy foods, cooked vegetables, juices and canned or stewed fruits for essential vitamins and minerals.
  • Small meals or snacks through the day.

Limit

  • Fatty foods and whole grain products if they cause diarrhoea.
  • Coffee, tea and other caffeinated drinks that can cause diarrhoea and reduce absorption of some nutrients.

Avoid

  • Raw or under cooked foods, especially shell-fish, eggs and meat.
  • Alcohol, which can worsen diarrhoea and interact with AIDS medication.

Practical Hints and Tips for HIV Infected People

  1. When mouth or throat infections, such as thrush or ulcers, make eating uncomfortable: Try soft, moist foods that are easy to swallow, like mashed potatoes ad gravy. Use a straw for liquids. Keep food at room temperature as hot foods can add to discomfort. Drink low-acid beverages such as milk or apple juice. Avoid foods and juices with high-acid content.
  2. When you suffer from nausea or diarrhoea-common side effects of many HIV medications: Drink plenty of fluids to replace what you have lost, such as water, broth or flat ginger ale or eat Popsicles. When you are ready to eat, start with bland foods such as toast or crackers. Try small snacks through the day. As the diarrhoea improves, try non-irritating foods such as chicken, eggs, fish, apple sauce and peanut butter.
  3. When you suffer from frequent bouts of diarrhoea: Avoid raw fruits and vegetables and high fiber foods such as whole grain breads and cereals. Also avoid gassy foods such as onions, beans, cabbage, spicy foods and carbonated beverages. Stay away from rich fatty foods, caffeine, alcohol and chocolate.

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