Ready to lose weight? Here's how to cut calories, curb cravings, and get the body you want—without making yourself crazy or turning to fad diets.

Sunday, September 2, 2018

What is Anorexia Nervosa or Eating Disorder?

Consume

· A variety of nutritious foods in small amounts.
· Calorie – enriched liquid supplements and possibly multivitamin supplements, if approved by a doctor.

Limit

· Diet soft drinks and low – calorie diet foods.
· Appetitive suppressants, diuretics and laxatives.

The self – starvation that is a hallmark of anorexia nervosa is caused by a complex psychiatric disorder that affects mostly adolescent girls or, less commonly young women. (Only about 5% of anorexics are males; they are often weight – conscious adolescent boys who are dancers or athletes.

The cause of anorexia – a medical term for appetite loss - is unknown. Researchers believe that combinations of hormonal, social and psychological factors are responsible. The disease often begins in adolescence, a time of tremendous hormonal and psychological change.

Take note of tell-tale signs

As the disease progresses, menstruation ceases and nutritional deficiencies develop. Physical indications of anorexia include fatigue, nervousness or hyperactivity, dry skin, hair loss and intolerance to cold. More serious consequences include cardiac arrhythmias, loss of bone mass, kidney failure and in about 6%of cases, death.

Warning signs

Should someone you know exhibit the following warning signs, contact a doctor knowledgeable about eating disorders immediately.

· Preoccupation with food.
· Distorted body image, thinking they are fat when they are actually bone-thin.
· Intense fear of gaining weight.
· Refusal to eat.
· Deliberate self- starvation.
· Denial of hunger.
· Obsessive exercise.
· Loss of scalp hair.
· Brittle nails and hair.
· Constant complaining about feeling cold (due to low body temperature).
· A fine layer of hair on the body or face (like a new born).
· Depression
· Irregular or absent periods

Treatment strategies

In the beginning, the patient is offered small portions of nutritious and easily digestible foods, perhaps eggs, custards, soups and milk shakes. Portion sizes and the variety of foods are increased gradually to achieve a steady weight gain. Doctors strive for a variety diet that provides adequate protein for rebuilding lost lean tissue, carbohydrate for energy and a moderate amount of fat for extra calories. Extra calcium and multivitamins may also be given.

Monitor food intake closely

Anorexics are skilled at deceiving others about their eating. Relapses are common and close monitoring may be necessary to ensure that the anorexic is really eating. But avoid making food a constant source of attention and conflict; group therapy can be more helpful than parental nagging.

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